Windows 10 will now automatically remove the recently installed updates when it detects incompatibility issues that lead to startup failures.
From Microsoft: Windows automatically installs updates to keep your device secure and running at peak efficiency. Occasionally, these updates can fail due to incompatibility or issues in new software. Your device has recently recovered from a startup failure if you have received this notification: “We removed some recently installed updates to recover your device from a startup failure.” If Windows detects this, it will try to resolve the failure by uninstalling recently installed updates. This is only done when all other automatic recovery attempts have been unsuccessful.
According to the support document, Windows will continue to prevent “problematic updates” from automatically installing for the next 30 days following a rollback. “This will give Microsoft and our partners the opportunity to investigate the failure and fix any issues,” Microsoft says. After the initial 30 days, Windows will try to install the offending updates again.